Hey! I took the Praxis 5001 yesterday and much to my surprise appear to have passed all four sections. Thought I would share thoughts and tips in case it can help anyone. I am generally not a good test taker and have been out of school/work for over 12 years raising kids. Had a month to study for the test. I freaked out midway through the month when I realized how tough the tests would be. Basically gave up studying after that. I studied social studies for 1.5-2w about an hour a day, and LA very briefly. I did not study math or science at all. I did take the praxis math core last year though, so some of that knowledge was still in my head. I took the RVE (reading for VA educators) last month, and gained reading/la knowledge studying for that test. I figured if I was lucky I could MAYBE pass one or two sections in in the first go, and take the individual tests later on. I did purchase this study guide on Amazon, but only got around to studying 1/3 of the book (all the SS!). Praxis II Elementary Educations (5001) by Mometrix (yellow and black book with "SECRETS" on cover The study guide is laid out very well. The videos on youtube (type in Mometrix and a subject) were invaluable! I am a visual learner and these REALLY help. I would listen to the SS/history when driving the kids around. The girl who does SS is my favorite and though her videos are wordy, they were a discussion and helped me remember so much. My exit scores were LA - 169, Math - 165, SS - 163, Science - 173 (needed 157, 157, 155, 159 to pass) LA - You def need to know about prefix/suffix, prosody, and onset/rime. Those have been all my tests. Need to know the basics of noun, pronoun, adjective, verb. There were several passages I had to read and figure out the main point, the tone etc. Several questions on ELL and the best ways to teach them. A lot of these are common sense if you break the question down. Math - Most of the math questions looked scarier than they actually were. I knew very few formulas and was able to figure things out by breaking them down. This part was the least fun for sure. Definitely need to know PEMDAS and solving basic equations. How to find the volume of a figure. Take your time here. SS - Not going to lie, the toughest section. The problem it that you really need to know so much information so you can compare and link things together in different time periods. The youtube videos and study guide were invaluable to me here! Most questions required critical thinking and understanding of various events to answer one question. There were a lot more questions on economics, trade, market economy etc. than I was expecting. Should have studied that a LOT more, made best guesses. Need to know basics of WWI and WWII specifically why we entered each and the impact of each. Learn about Louis and Clark, The Missouri Compromise, Louisiana purchase, and the Cold War. Also some questions of where the equator, prime meridian is etc. Unless you are really good at history/ss I would spend the most time studying here. This is info you just have to learn. Science - I did not study science at all and am not a natural. Most of the questions are common sense honestly. I was able to link life experiences and general knowledge to help. Several questions about classes of animals and vertebrate/invertebrate. Questions on type of rocks formations, one on the planets, electrons/protons, dna, know the basic organ systems, know common scientists, read about insulin and glucose, liquid/solid/gas specifics, basics of motion and force. I believe the only reason I knew these answers was because I did some homeschool with my 4yo last year. My biggest recommendation is to remain calm and really dissect the test questions and possible answers. There were MANY questions that seemed impossible at first glance. After reading them again slowly and connecting knowledge I was able to narrow down the answers and make educated guesses. A lot of the questions aren't really as hard as they seem, the language can just be overwhelming. Good luck!!